The E-Commerce Protocol of the AfCFTA: Possible Considerations

Electronic commerce (‘E-commerce’) refers to commercial transactions occurring by way of electronic means. With the establishment of digital economies resulting in an increase of digitization, e-commerce is a megatrend that is re-designing economic relations worldwide. This new borderless method of transacting provides great opportunities to stimulate trade. In February 2020, the African Union Heads of…

The Energy, Terrorism and Conflict Nexus: From Central Asia to the Middle East and Africa

Especially, because the role of energy in ongoing conflicts in Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and the world should not be underestimated, this article provides an overview of the energy, terrorism, and conflict (ETC) nexus. Whether you are a start-up, an SME, an investor, a humanitarian organization or a governmental organization, it is time now to take energy poverty and security seriously to protect civilians!

AfCFTA’s Protocol on Intellectual Property Rights and its potential effects on Africa’s Economic Growth

Intellectual Property Rights in Africa The 21st  century is mainly characterized by its rapid economic development[1] and a knowledge-driven period.[2] Countries around the world compete based on their ability to manipulate and effectively use information to their advantage. Developed countries have come to appreciate that innovation should be at the top of policymakers’ agenda given…

Understanding the impact of a ‘Net-Zero by 2050’ on African Economies and Livelihoods: Defining a ‘Just Transition’

In May 2021, the International Energy Agency (IEA) published a report called ‘Net-Zero by 2050: A Roadmap for the Global Energy Sector’ with an emphasis on the necessity to make a radical shift away from fossil fuels to achieve neutral greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. While the latter may be a desirable goal, the impact of such a rapid and one-sided transition must be weighted against its impact on African economies and livelihoods. 

The Eu’s Plan to Label Natural Gas and Nuclear Energy as Sustainable — is This Move Good for the African Continent?

The EU stated on January 1, 2022, that it sees a role for gas and nuclear energy “as a method of facilitating the transition to a largely renewable energy future”. The commission’s drive to classify nuclear energy and natural gas as environmentally friendly investments comes after months of discussion and political lobbying.