The E-Commerce Protocol of the AfCFTA: Possible Considerations

Electronic commerce (‘E-commerce’) refers to commercial transactions occurring by way of electronic means. With the establishment of digital economies resulting in an increase of digitization, e-commerce is a megatrend that is re-designing economic relations worldwide. This new borderless method of transacting provides great opportunities to stimulate trade. In February 2020, the African Union Heads of…

The Energy, Terrorism and Conflict Nexus: From Central Asia to the Middle East and Africa

Especially, because the role of energy in ongoing conflicts in Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and the world should not be underestimated, this article provides an overview of the energy, terrorism, and conflict (ETC) nexus. Whether you are a start-up, an SME, an investor, a humanitarian organization or a governmental organization, it is time now to take energy poverty and security seriously to protect civilians!